[Fwd: Re: Windows binaries for DCluster updated]

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[Fwd: Re: Windows binaries for DCluster updated]

Virgilio Gómez Rubio

>  DCluster is very nice tool, especially Stan Openshaw's GAM.

Thank you!

>  DCluster's GAM's testing function is different from original GAM whose
> testing function used Monte Carlo method.
>  Could you tell me how I can execute original GAM using DCluster?

Well, I think you can write your own function to do that and pass it to
opgam as argument 'iscluster'. The default value is

opgam.iscluster.default<-function (data, idx, idxorder, alpha, ...)
    localO <- sum(data$Observed[idx])
    localE <- sum(data$Expected[idx])
    if (localE == 0)
        return(c(localO, NA, NA))
    localP <- sum(data$Population[idx])
    pvalue <- ppois(localO, localE, lower.tail = FALSE)
    return(c(localO, alpha > pvalue, pvalue))

What you can do is to change the line where the pvalue is calculated
and, instead of using 'ppois' use a function that performs a Monte Carlo
test. Probably you will not need localR nor localP if you use Monte

So, the function could be simething like:

montecarlo.iscluster<-function(data, idx, idxorder, alpha, ...)
        localO <- sum(data$Observed[idx])
        pvalue <- return_pvalue_from_monte_carlo_simulations(data, localO)
        return(c(localO, alpha > pvalue, pvalue))

where 'return_pvalue_from_monte_carlo_simulations' performs the M.C.
simulations and compare localO with the values obtained to compute
the pvalue.

I hope it's clear... if not, just tell me. :D

>  And can I execute GAM/K using DCluster?

Not at the moment, but 'opgam' returns the coordinates of the centres of
the balls that were significant, so I guess that you can use other R
packages to calculate a density from this table.

I have also written some code (not released yet) to calculate how many
times a centroid is included in these circles, in case you are
interested. I know it's not GAM/K but it can be useful for some

Best regards,
             Virgilio G?mez Rubio

Grup d'Estad?stica espacial i temporal
en Epidemiologia i medi ambient

Dpto. Estad?stica e I. O. - Facultat de Matem?tiques
Avda. Vicent A. Estell?s, 1 - 46100 Burjassot
Valencia - SPAIN


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